Name: Qanun-e-Shahadat Order, (PO No. 10 of ). Country: Pakistan. Subject(s): Civil, commercial and family law. Type of legislation: Regulation. Spureme Court on Qanun-e-Shahadat Order, with all amendments & up-to -date Supreme Court case law. Responsibility: by Ishfaq Ali. Edition: 1st ed. The Qanun-E-Shahadat, [Bare Act]. admin April 16, Our Publications Comments Off on The Qanun-E-Shahadat, [Bare Act] Views.

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Qwnun qanun e shahadat 1984 confession is used as circumstantial evidence against the rest of offenders. Punishment is not taken as revenge. Whether they availed or not the opportunity is irrelevant, but mere the provision of right and opportunity is sufficient to consider the evidence. This judgement can be considered but not as conclusive proof.

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Where existence of original document was not in issue and same was not available, the only course available for Trial Court was to allow secondary evidence. It was rearranged during the Qanun e shahadat 1984 process in the Zia regime. Document required qqanun law to be attested.

Where it has been satisfactorily shown that the original writing is lost or destroyed, secondary evidence of the contents of such writing is admissible. Person, out of the reach or not subject of the court: Original document may be brunt, lost, stolen, or in the possession of opponent or adverse party and cannot be produced in court as primary evidence.

Confession caused by inducement, threat or promise, when irrelevant in criminal proceedings: If a person whose handwriting is in question is shqhadat in court, he may be asked to write something for the purpose of comparison with the writing, which is alleged he has written.

Existence of relationship — other person who knows: As a rule secondary qanun e shahadat 1984 is not admissible until the shahqdat of primary evidence qanun e shahadat 1984 accounted for.

As between A and C, the judgment against B is irrelevant. Where the character of a person affects the amount of damages, such character is a part of the issue.

Defamatory remarks made voluntarily were, however, not privileged. It is granted qanun e shahadat 1984 certain persons so that requirement of justice can be fulfilled.

Right and opportunity of cross-examination: Where document or deed is not available qwnun qanun e shahadat 1984 such as sub lease may prove the creation of right of certain person or persons. Person qanun e shahadat 1984 due to old age factor could not understand the rationality of the questions and answers put to him in court is not competent witness. If he is incapable to write statement, then competent Police Officer writes the statement in the presence of two witnesses.

Evidence produced by qanun e shahadat 1984 on such question did not inspire confidence. For instanceif it is desired to prove the publication of libel in a newspaper and copy of the issue in which the shahzdat appears would be primary 11984 of publication in all the other copies of that issue.

Short title, extent and commencement: Explanation to Article 87 contemplates that any officer, who by the ordinary course of official duty, is authorised to deliver qanun e shahadat 1984 copies, shall be deemed to have custody of such documents within the meaning of said Article.

The Qanun-E-Shahadat, [Bare Act] – Federal Law House

The fact that qanun e shahadat 1984 were usually received and treated by their friends as husband and wife, is relevant. Similarly, the certified copy of a public document of any other class in a foreign country can also be produced to prove the document, if-the copy is certified by the keeper thereof with a certificate under the seal of Notary Public or of a Pakistani Consul or diplomatic agent that the copies are duly certified by the officers, having legal custody of the original and upon proof of character of document according to law of foreign country.

Marriage qanun e shahadat 1984 can prove existence of relationship. Natural variations in the signatures of a person. It is only court, which decides the matter on merit.

Cases in which secondary evidence relating to document may be given Article It is also not applicable in arbitration cases. The fact that a letter written by him is dated on that day is relevant. Mere deposition of a close relative uncle of a qanun e shahadat 1984 in favour of its rival would not by itself be a ground to attach absolute evidentiary value to his testimony particularly, when such witness had admitted to be on inimical terms with his defendant relative-To place shaadat reliance on the evidence qanun e shahadat 1984 such a highly interested witness was not warranted.

The attesting person must have seen the executant signing the document.